Commemorative monuments

Commemorative monuments

The Column of Marcus Aurelius – a souvenir of a wise, sensible and brave emperor

Commemorative monuments

Column of the Immaculate Conception – an antidote for heresies and mistakes of contemporary times

Commemorative monuments

Arch of Janus – mysterious structure with four façades

Commemorative monuments

The Arch of the Silversmiths – a place of memory erased

Commemorative monuments

Arch of Constantine – an ancient example of artistic recycling

Commemorative monuments

The Triumphant Arch of Emperor Titus – a commemoration of triumph and defeat engraved in stone

Commemorative monuments

Arch of Septimius Severus – a symbol of Roman expansion and dynastic ambitions

Commemorative monuments

Mausoleum of Empress Helena – meaning how to reconcile Christianity with the cult of the emperor

Commemorative monuments

Mausoleum on Janiculum Hill (Mausoleo Ossario Garibaldino) – the struggle for national heritage

Commemorative monuments

Antinous Obelisk (Pinciano) – pilgrimages of an obelisk of „sinful” provenance

Commemorative monuments

Flaminio Obelisk – a war trophy; the pride of the city, emperor and the pope

Commemorative monuments

Obelisk Macuteo – divine support for the emperor, the pope and the Roman populace

Commemorative monuments

Minerveo Obelisk, meaning the triumph of an elephant over Dominican dogs

Commemorative monuments

The Mussolini Obelisk – a monument of national amnesia

Commemorative monuments

Vaticano Obelisk – a granite witness to history

Commemorative monuments

The Statue of Giordano Bruno, meaning the ”black ship of Satan” among flowers, grapes and lettuce

Commemorative monuments

Statue of Giuseppe Mazzini – the delayed work of belle époque

Commemorative monuments

Funerary monument of Maria Clementina Sobieska – the joyful smile of a miserable queen

Commemorative monuments

The funerary monument of Pope Alexander VII, meaning the triumph of virtue over death

Commemorative monuments

Antonio Canova’s funerary monument of Pope Clement XIII – death appeased with beauty

Commemorative monuments

Antonio Canova’s funerary monument of Pope Clement XIV – a quiet grief of final parting

Commemorative monuments

Funerary Monument of Pope Leo XI – a modest and politically convincing work

Commemorative monuments

Funerary Monument of the Stuarts – death beautiful until perdition

Piazza Augusto Imperatore – in the service of historical policy

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Piazza Augusto Imperatore – in the service of historical policy

The ruler of Fascist Italy, Benito Mussolini looked at himself as the heir of Roman emperors, but only one was his favorite. This was Octavius Augustus, who was remembered in history as an example of an excellent leader who ensured his subjects peace and prosperity. And thus the grand exhibition, planned for 1938 was devoted to this ruler as a commemoration of his birthday. Many guests were invited (including Hitler, who was also a proponent of Octavius), while the opening of a square (a new Roman forum), surrounded by new, monumental buildings served as an added attraction. At the center of t...

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Giovanni Lanfranco’s Venus Playing the Harp – a tribute to music or perhaps to love?

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Giovanni Lanfranco’s Venus Playing the Harp – a tribute to music or perhaps to love?

Who is the semi-nude woman on the canvas? Is it the allegory of music, or perhaps Venus – the goddess of love, with accompanying, reading the score, amoretti? The scarlet and blue fabrics made of satin covering the woman, and hanging behind her back, seduce the viewer with the soft, wavy, and shiny material. Among these is the woman’s beautiful body, with an enormous harp between her legs. The woman is singing, as her mouth is open, and looks at us in a stubborn manner. Intuitively we feel that this work hides some mystery, an anecdote, or maybe just an intriguing ambiguity. And we...

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Saint Eustochium (368–419) – a virgin through and through

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Saint Eustochium (368–419) – a virgin through and through

The history of the Roman Catholic Church is filled with imaginary virgins of legendary provenances, such as Agnes and Cecilia who are particularly venerated in Rome. Probably nobody (apart from a few early-Christian Church historians) has ever heard of Saint Eustochium. It would be worth pondering why the first in Rome, declared virgin and historically documented ascetic remains completely unknown.

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