Helpful historical facts

Helpful historical facts

Arianism – a troublesome for the Church quarrel, over the Son of God

Helpful historical facts

Donation of Constantine – one of the greatest forgeries in the history of the world

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The Edict of Milan (313 A.D.) – a document not so new or breakthrough

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March on Rome, meaning the political miracle of 28 October, 1922

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Mithraism, Mithra, mithraeum – a mystery religion of great popularity

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Nepotism – a sanctified system proven and particularly effective

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Pornocracy, meaning the rule of harlots, but was that really the case?

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The Council of Nicaea (325) – where, the Nicene Creed was created

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Cadaver Synod (897) – meaning, an unimaginable papal macabre

Daniele da Volterra’s The Descent from the Cross – a faded shadow of a great work, meaning the aftermath of vandalism

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Daniele da Volterra’s The Descent from the Cross – a faded shadow of a great work, meaning the aftermath of vandalism

This fresco had to be seen by every eighteenth-century artist or art enthusiast. It was considered a masterpiece after the famous French painter Nicolas Poussin named it as one of the three most important paintings in Rome – next to Domenichino’s The Last Communion of Saint Jerome and Raphael’s The Transfiguration. Its creator, Daniele da Volterra was respected and praised throughout Europe and he was not as would later be the case associated only with dressing the figures of Michelangelo’s The Last Judgement in loincloths and fancy breeches. As it would turn out, the a...

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Palazzo di Firenze – the unloved residence of the de’ Medici family

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Palazzo di Firenze – the unloved residence of the de’ Medici family

Today the palace is the home of the famous Società Dante Alighieri Institute, whose main aim is to promote the Italian language and culture. In previous centuries it was the residence of two prominent families, which wanted to mark their presence in the Eternal City in a special way. What was impossible to accomplish for one of them, the other attained without any great problems.

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Mausoleum on Janiculum Hill (Mausoleo Ossario Garibaldino) – the struggle for national heritage

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Mausoleum on Janiculum Hill (Mausoleo Ossario Garibaldino) – the struggle for national heritage

On Janiculum (Ganicolo) Hill, not far from the monumental dell’ Acqua Paola fountain (via Garibaldi), there is a structure made of travertine. And although its raw, compact forms betray the fact that it was built in Fascist times, it is dedicated to the memory of heroes who fought for freedom many decades earlier. Some of them became famous for defending the short-lived Roman Republic in 1849 against the Franco-Spanish regiments faithful to the pope, others died in 1870 in the struggle against papal forces defending the State of the Church.

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