Commemorative monuments

Commemorative monuments

The Column of Marcus Aurelius – a souvenir of a wise, sensible and brave emperor

Commemorative monuments

Column of the Immaculate Conception – an antidote for heresies and mistakes of contemporary times

Commemorative monuments

Arch of Janus – mysterious structure with four façades

Commemorative monuments

The Arch of the Silversmiths – a place of memory erased

Commemorative monuments

Arch of Constantine the Great – an ancient example of artistic recycling

Commemorative monuments

The Triumphant Arch of Emperor Titus – a commemoration of triumph and defeat engraved in stone

Commemorative monuments

Arch of Septimius Severus – a symbol of Roman expansion and dynastic ambitions

Commemorative monuments

Mausoleum of Empress Helena – meaning how to reconcile Christianity with the cult of the emperor

Commemorative monuments

Antinous Obelisk (Pinciano) – pilgrimages of an obelisk of „sinful” provenance

Commemorative monuments

Flaminio Obelisk – a war trophy; the pride of the city, emperor and the pope

Commemorative monuments

Obelisk Macuteo – divine support for the emperor, the pope and the Roman populace

Commemorative monuments

Minerveo Obelisk, meaning the triumph of an elephant over Dominican dogs

Commemorative monuments

The Statue of Giordano Bruno, meaning the ”black ship of Satan” among flowers, grapes and lettuce

Commemorative monuments

Statue of Giuseppe Mazzini – the delayed work of belle époque

Commemorative monuments

Funerary Monument of the Stuarts – death beautiful until perdition

Bronzino’s John the Baptist – between cold eroticism and refined devotion

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Bronzino’s John the Baptist – between cold eroticism and refined devotion

The muscular, beautiful, manly body with a delicately glowing skin seems to be taken out of a refined act of, as we would have said today, homoerotic nature, however, the title of the painting and the requisites visible on it, point to something completely different. This is a saint, and not just any saint – the patron of Florence, John the Baptist. But is it possible that this is simply a religious painting?

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Bernini’s Colonnade – to strengthen faith, Enlightenment and to convince the infidels

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Bernini’s Colonnade – to strengthen faith, Enlightenment and to convince the infidels

Its grandeur is best appreciated, looking on from the perspective of the dome of St. Peter's Basilica. In front of our very eyes stretches one of the last monumental works of the Baroque – a symbol of the significance of the Holy See and its representative on Earth - Pope Alexander VII. It was he, who ordered his trusted architect Gian Lorenzo Bernini to begin work on shaping the square in such a way so that it would astound and arouse respect. Both the pontifex and his architect succeeded in this task.

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Bronzino (1503–1572) – subtle, refined, and mysterious

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Bronzino (1503–1572) – subtle, refined, and mysterious

A painter, and at the same time a poet, he resided in Rome only a short time and in reality, we do not know what he did there. And despite the fact, that this chief representative of Mannerism and the court painter of the de ’Medici family did not leave the fruits of his labor in the city, the Roman museums keep several significant (obtained at a later date) works of his – surprising, seducing in their beauty and mysterious aura.

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