Commemorative monuments

Commemorative monuments

The Column of Marcus Aurelius – a souvenir of a wise, sensible and brave emperor

Commemorative monuments

Column of the Immaculate Conception – an antidote for heresies and mistakes of contemporary times

Commemorative monuments

Arch of Janus – mysterious structure with four façades

Commemorative monuments

The Arch of the Silversmiths – a place of memory erased

Commemorative monuments

Arch of Constantine – an ancient example of artistic recycling

Commemorative monuments

The Triumphant Arch of Emperor Titus – a commemoration of triumph and defeat engraved in stone

Commemorative monuments

Arch of Septimius Severus – a symbol of Roman expansion and dynastic ambitions

Commemorative monuments

Mausoleum of Empress Helena – meaning how to reconcile Christianity with the cult of the emperor

Commemorative monuments

Mausoleum on Janiculum Hill (Mausoleo Ossario Garibaldino) – the struggle for national heritage

Commemorative monuments

Antinous Obelisk (Pinciano) – pilgrimages of an obelisk of „sinful” provenance

Commemorative monuments

Flaminio Obelisk – a war trophy; the pride of the city, emperor and the pope

Commemorative monuments

Obelisk Macuteo – divine support for the emperor, the pope and the Roman populace

Commemorative monuments

Minerveo Obelisk, meaning the triumph of an elephant over Dominican dogs

Commemorative monuments

The Mussolini Obelisk – a monument of national amnesia

Commemorative monuments

Vaticano Obelisk – a granite witness to history

Commemorative monuments

The Statue of Giordano Bruno, meaning the ”black ship of Satan” among flowers, grapes and lettuce

Commemorative monuments

Statue of Giuseppe Mazzini – the delayed work of belle époque

Commemorative monuments

Funerary monument of Maria Clementina Sobieska – the joyful smile of a miserable queen

Commemorative monuments

The funerary monument of Pope Alexander VII, meaning the triumph of virtue over death

Commemorative monuments

Antonio Canova’s funerary monument of Pope Clement XIII – death appeased with beauty

Commemorative monuments

Antonio Canova’s funerary monument of Pope Clement XIV – a quiet grief of final parting

Commemorative monuments

Funerary Monument of Pope Leo XI – a modest and politically convincing work

Commemorative monuments

Funerary Monument of the Stuarts – death beautiful until perdition

Carlo Saraceni’s St. Cecilia with an Angel - two musicians

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Carlo Saraceni’s St. Cecilia with an Angel - two musicians

How does one paint an angel? That is the question that filled the minds of painters and art theoreticians since the time of the Renaissance. A clergyman and a writer Giovanni Maria Tarsia from Florence in his treatise entitled Trattato della Natura degli Angeli (On the Nature of Angels, 1576) asked how is he to write about them if he had never seen them. Despite similar doubts, angels had already appeared in art in early-Christian times, although at that time they still did not have wings. These grew as time passed, attaining enormous dimensions, which can be testified to by those that the Gua...

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Casina of Cardinal Bessarion – a summer house from the Renaissance

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Casina of Cardinal Bessarion – a summer house from the Renaissance

At the via Porta San Sebastiano, hidden behind a high wall, there is a picturesque but also a mysterious structure. Only if we look from the perspective of the barred gate can we see the fresco-covered loggia of the small building and a broad garden. It is impossible to enter the area unless we take part in an organized sightseeing tour. Then we will see that during the Renaissance it was not only imposing suburban villas in broad parks that were built but also small, intimate dachas, which were affectionately known as casinas.

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Cardinal Bessarion (1403?–1473) – the one who wanted to save Constantinople

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Cardinal Bessarion (1403?–1473) – the one who wanted to save Constantinople

He first gained renown as the one who converted to Catholicism. He rapidly turned out to be an exceptionally skilled philosopher and interpreter of ancient Greek philosophers, one of those, who after the fall of Constantinople was a proponent of Greek culture in the city on the Tiber. Later he developed diplomatic activities, counting on retaking the city on the Bosporus, but he did not find any supporters. Nobody in Europe had wanted to die for Byzantium, without much grief allowing for the disappearance of a city created in the past by Constantine the Great.

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