Artists

Sculptors

Alessandro Algardi (1598–1654) – unappreciated master of the Baroque art

Painters

Andrea Pozzo (1642–1709) – a master of painting illusion

Sculptors

Andrea Sansovino (approx. 1467–1529) – the one who was able to bring the dead back to life

Painters

Annibale Carracci (1560–1609) – a straightforward recluse in the world of Roman splendor

Painters

Antiveduto Grammatica (1571–1626) – an expert on heads with an extraordinary name

Painters

Antoniazzo Romano (1430? – 1512?) – an outstanding imitator of great masters

Sculptors

Antonio Canova (1757–1822) – praised by his contemporaries, disregarded by later generations

Sculptors

Antonio Raggi (1624–1686) – a second pair of hands for master Bernini

Architects

Armando Brasini (1879–1965) – creator of a bombastically draped architecture

Painters

Artemisia Gentileschi (1593–1653) – an unwomanly painter, humiliated and forgotten for centuries

Painters

Baciccio (1639–1709) – the creator of heaven and hell on Earth

Sculptors

Bartolomeo Ammannati (1511–1592) – the beginnings of an outstanding career of a great Italian Mannerist

Painters

Bronzino (1503–1572) – subtle, refined, and mysterious

Sculptors

Camillo Rusconi (1658–1728) – a little known genius of the turn of the centuries

Painters

Caravaggio (1571–1610) - a subtle interpreter of the Bible and a common criminal

Architects

Carlo Maderno (1556–1629) – a sought-after, hard-working and talented architect

Painters

Carlo Maratti (Maratta) (1625–1713) – an outstanding portraitist and a father of an equally outstanding daughter

Architects

Carlo Rainaldi (1611–1691) – an architect with a love for music

Painters

Carlo Saraceni (1579–1620) – an artist somewhere between verismo and idealism

Sculptors

Cosimo Fancelli (1618–1688), a great, but second-tier master of the Roman Baroque

Painters

Daniele da Volterra (1509–1566) – sentenced to many years of ridicule

Painters

Domenichino (1581–1641), the Roman rise and Neapolitan fall of little Dominic

Architects

Domenico Fontana (1543–1607) – an exceptional architect of an entrepreneurial pope

Sculptors

Domenico Guidi (1625–1701) – meaning Bernini in the French style

Architects

Donato Bramante (1444 –1514) – a famous wrecker, who changed the face of Rome

Sculptors

Ercole Ferrata (1610–1686) – an imitator of extraordinary talent

Architects

Francesco Borromini (1599–1667) – a distrustful melancholic and an extravagant architect

Sculptors

Francesco Cavallini (1640–1703) – a sculptor of garlands and swaying saints

Sculptors

Francesco Mochi (1580–1654) – ousted, forgotten, disconsolate

Architects

Giacomo della Porta (1533–1602), an author of Roman fountains and the most famous façade in the history of art

Sculptors

Giovanni (Gian) Lorenzo Bernini (1599–1680) – Impulsive, arrogant and ingenious favorite of the popes

Sculptors

Giovanni Battista Maini (1690–1752) – elegance of late Baroque

Painters

Giovanni Lanfranco (1582–1647) – painter of the Church triumphant

Sculptors

Giuliano Finelli (1602–1653) – a sculptor of lace, leaves and collars, but also more

Painters

Giuseppe Cesari (1568–1640) – in the past popular, today a forgotten favorite of the popes

Painters

Guercino (1591–1666) – short career of the Pope’s chosen one in Rome

Painters

Guido Reni (1575–1642) – a gambler with subtle manners

Sculptors

Jacopo Sansovino (1486–1570) – unappreciated in Rome, famous in Venice

Architects

Luigi Moretti (1907–1973) – a rationalist, Fascist and postmodern architect

Architects

Marcello Piacentini (1881–1960) – praised and criticized creator of Fascist Rome

Painters

Melozzo da Forlì (1438–1494) – the one who introduced the delicate touch of Renaissance to Rome

Sculptors

Michelangelo (1475–1564), a painter by force – divine, yet miserable

Architects

Onorio Longhi (1568–1619) – a vagabond architect

Painters

Orazio Gentileschi (1563–1639) – an intimate realist prone to rowdiness

Sculptors

Pietro Bracci (1700–1773) – a master of elegance and theatrical gestures

Painters

Pietro da Cortona (1596–1669) – a virtuoso of glories, triumphs and apotheoses of all kinds

Painters

Pinturicchio (1454–1513) – a creator of a simple, filled with grace storylines

Painters

Raphael (1483–1520) – the prematurely deceased genius of the Renaissance

Sculptors

Stefano Maderno (c. 1570–1636) – an artist famous for just one statue

Painters

Trophime Bigot (1597–1650) – a mysterious master of candlelight

Cardinal Paolo Camillo Sfondrati (1560–1618) – chasing sainthood

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Cardinal Paolo Camillo Sfondrati (1560–1618) – chasing sainthood

Cardinal Sfondrati was one of the most influential figures of the Roman Church at the turn of the XVI and XVII centuries. He combined all the good and bad characteristics of this era of increased piousness and severity. Being the papal nepot, for a short while he had the opportunity to achieve everything a cardinal could dream of at that time as far as earthly luxuries, nevertheless he had to be satisfied with a rather lowly function of a presbyter of a church in the poor district of the Trastevere. And it was then that his ambitions exceeded the earthly sphere.

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Saint Cecilia Distributing Alms to the Poor– a story of the recalcitrant Roman populace

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Saint Cecilia Distributing Alms to the Poor– a story of the recalcitrant Roman populace

Pierre Polet desired that his posthumous chapel be decorated with frescoes by Domenichino. There would be nothing extraordinary about this undertaking, had it not been for one of the painted scenes, which surprised and disgusted many of the onlookers. What was it that shook the public of seventeenth-century Rome to such an extent that this painting was on the lips of both the educated elites, as well as simple people? In order to answer this question, we must carefully look at the decorations of the Polet Chapel located in the right nave of the Church of San Luigi dei Francesi.

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Pope Gregory XIV (1535–1591) – pious, modest, and lacking in will

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Pope Gregory XIV (1535–1591) – pious, modest, and lacking in will

At the age of only sixteen, he was ordained as a priest, and at the age of twenty-five, he became a bishop of Cremona, to then become a cardinal at the age of forty-eight. And he owed it all to his aristocratic origins. At the moment of being called to St. Peter's throne, in 1590, cardinal Sfondrati was fifty-six years old. Ten months later he died, to the chagrin of his family, but also many other people who were able to appreciate the virtues of this modest, pious, but also bereft of political ambitions, successor of St. Peter.

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